Cerebral Palsy Cause - Injury Compensation Claim Lawyers - Canada Law
The causes of cerebral palsy are unknown in about 20 to 50 percent of cases. This is because cerebral palsy can occur in utero and the exact mechanism of injury is not knowable. The majority of known cases of cerebral palsy are due to birth trauma such as birth hypoxia or anoxia. Some causes of cerebral palsy begin after birth due to infection such as meningitis and shaken baby syndrome. Cases of cerebral palsy that occur at the time of birth and after birth are completely preventable.
A cerebral palsy lawyer is a specialist personal injury advocate with expertise in medical malpractice compensation claims for cerebral palsy victims and their families. Most cases of cerebral palsy are not as a result of errors caused by healthcare professionals and it is a cerebral palsy lawyer’s job to distinguish between those cases that occur naturally and the 10% of cases that are the result of clinical negligence. Our cerebral palsy lawyers offer a wealth of experience and give free advice with no further obligation on liability and the potential value of a claim. Payment for services is based on a contingency fee basis which means that we get paid when you get paid. If the case is lost there is nothing whatsoever to pay. There are time limits in all personal injury compensation claims and failure to take legal action within the limitation period can mean that the opportunity to claim compensation is lost forever. If you have the slightest suspicion that your child’s condition has been caused by medical malpractice you should take legal advice from a cerebral palsy compensation claim lawyer as soon as your child’s diagnosis is confirmed by a doctor.
Antenatal causes of cerebral palsy include in utero infections and cerebral anoxia due to an inadequate placenta or to a cord accident. A cord accident occurs when the cord is wrapped around a part of the baby’s body and the circulation is temporarily cut off to the fetal brain. This can get to be a more severe condition at the time of labor and delivery, when the fluid around the baby is diminished and pressure is put upon the baby during the labor process.
Fetal hypoxia during labor has been found to be a cause of cerebral palsy. This can happen because of pressure on the umbilical cord or an inadequate placenta. Prolonged labors can be the cause of fetal hypoxia and cerebral palsy.
Doctors have found that in-labor fetal monitoring can suggest when an infant is suffering from fetal distress, which usually means fetal hypoxia. If the fetal monitoring is abnormal, oxygen can be given to the mother or an emergency cesarean section can be done that can deliver the baby before there is significant fetal hypoxia. The reality, however, is that the advent of fetal monitoring during labor, first begun in the 1970s, has done nothing to reduce the rates of cerebral palsy and has only reduced the rate of neonatal seizures and increased the rate of cesarean section. Signs indicating fetal distress on the monitor may actually be showing up damage that has already happened in the prenatal state.
With kids that get cerebral palsy after birth, it is relatively easy to determine the cause. Seizure disorders with postnatal anoxia, meningitis and child abuse can be found to be the cause of cerebral palsy in infants who were otherwise born normally.
The strongest predictor of cerebral palsy is a condition called periventricular leukomalacia. This is a softening and death of nerve cells lining the ventricles of the brain. Periventricular leukomalacia can occur in preterm infants who suffer from an intraventricular hemorrhage due to prematurity or birth trauma at the time of birth. It is especially common in very preterm infants who are hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit or NICU. It often happens shortly after birth and, if it doesn’t kill the infant outright, it can lead to damage to the periventricular area of the brain, which are mostly motor cells.
Risk factors for cerebral palsy include having a mother with diabetes or hyperthyroidism, having a mother with high blood pressure, poor maternal nutrition, having a mother with mental retardation, maternal seizures, having an incompetent cervix leading to severe preterm delivery, having maternal bleeding due to an abruption of the placenta or placenta previa, in which the placenta overlies the cervix causing bleeding through the cervix.
There are delivery risk factors to consider as risk factors for cerebral palsy. These include having a premature delivery, having prolonged rupture of membranes (greater than twenty four hours before delivery), having fetal bradycardia during labor representing fetal distress, and having an abnormal fetal presentation, including a breech delivery, face presentation or transverse lie.
Neonatal risk factors for cerebral palsy include having a preterm birth, having Intrapartum asphyxia, having meningitis as an infant, having seizures as an infant, suffering from an intra ventricular hemorrhage (common in very preterm infants) or having periventricular encephalomalacia.LAWYER HELPLINE: ☎ 855 804 7142