TBI - Severe Brain Injury - Medical Malpractice Lawyer - Canada


LAWYER HELPLINE: ☎ 855 804 7142

Whilst most clinical procedures are carried out satisfactorily by healthcare professionals there are times when things go wrong. Serious damage, with life threatening consequences, can occur as a result of negligent actions, poor skills, or delayed treatment for a traumatic brain injury. Where this occurs due to medical malpractice our brain injury lawyers can help you to obtain compensation for any damage that you or a loved one may have suffered. A brain injury lawyer will take a detailed statement after consideration of your medical records and will obtain medical opinions from experienced clinicians. No stone will be left unturned in our quest for justice to ensure that a fair settlement based on medical malpractice is obtained. Our brain injury lawyers charge no legal fees unless your claim is settled satisfactorily and you obtain a payment of damages. If you would like free advice from a specialist medical malpractice lawyer without further any obligation just contact our offices.

Severe Brain Injury - Overview


A severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is different from any other type of injury because it has an immediate and often permanent effect on the life of the sufferer. The effects are wide ranging and can be anywhere from diminishment of motor function to many other losses like memory, sensory and cognitive capacities.




Severe TBI is best defined as a breach which occurs when the protective layers of the skull, containing the cerebrospinal fluid and called the “meninges”, are compromised and the brain is forced into direct contact with the skull.




A severe traumatic brain injury occurs when the brain comes into direct contact with the skull, causing bleeding, swelling or damage of any sort to the blood vessels that feed the brain. It encompasses all severe conditions including:

  • Severe bruising causing pressure on the brain.
  • Closed head Injury – the skull is intact, but the brain is damaged.
  • Open head injury – the skull is broken.
  • Penetrating trauma – a foreign object and/or fragments of skull enter the brain.
  • Diffuse Axonal Injury, a condition when the long nerves that promote communication between the brain and the body are broken.

The usual result of most of these conditions is unconsciousness. The length of the unconscious state is often the gauge for the duration and degree of recovery for the patient.


Causes and Symptoms


While there are many and varied conditions under which a severe TBI can occur, the most prevalent are motor vehicle accidents, falls and guns.

Symptoms are also very diverse. After the sufferer has regained consciousness, a severe TBI can affect some or every aspect of their life :

  • Cognitive function can be inhibited through inability to concentrate, remember, process information, persevere or process words.
  • Language and speech problems include slurred speech, inability to comprehend and difficulties with writing and reading.
  • Sensory sensitivity to light, sound, smell, taste and touch.
  • Physical symptoms include convulsions, severe pain, disturbed sleep, appetite loss, bladder and bowel control issues and temperature regulation.




MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or CT (computed tomography) scanning technologies are the most common ways to determine the exact location of a severe TBI; however, sometimes other scanning devices like the PET (Positron Emission Tomography) and Ultrasound can prove useful for diagnosis.

Mis-diagnosis or late diagnosis can give rise to a medical malpractice compensation claim.




Immediate surgical intervention is the most urgent and potentially life-saving treatment for someone suffering a severe TBI. Neurosurgery often involves surgical clipping and other methods to halt bleeding, remove any foreign matter and repair the skull where possible. Treatment for a closed head injury may include placing an intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring bolt into the skull to monitor pressure build-up under the skull.

Negligent Treatment can give rise to a medical malpractice compensation claim.




Recovery can be long and difficult depending on the severity of the injury and the area most affected. After the initial work of resuscitating and stabilising the patient has been performed, rehabilitation begins and this can involve a raft of professionals, such as specialist rehabilitation nursing staff, physiotherapists, speech pathologists and occupational therapists.




There is no known prevention for a severe TBI, so the best prevention will always be caution and awareness. In real terms, this means wearing a seat belt at all times in a motor vehicle and wearing a helmet on an unsecured vehicle like a motorbike, skateboard, bicycle or scooter. Prevention also includes exercising caution during contact sports along with abstinence from smoking, avoiding excessive alcohol (both the drinking thereof and exposure to others who drink) and eschewing mind altering substances or those who use them.

LAWYER HELPLINE: ☎ 855 804 7142